Thursday, 14 December 2017

How To Limit Your Risk of Having Diabetes, By: Ramadan Alli

How to Prevent Diabetes

Diabetes, the most common disorder of the body's hormonal system, occurs when blood sugar levels consistently stay above normal, thereby unable to let the body cells receive glucose( sugar) due to lack of insulin to drive it into the body cells or lack of the cell receptors to recognise insulin and then utilize its function.

Glucose is an essential nutrient that provides energy for the proper functioning of the body cells. Insulin is one of the main hormones that regulates blood sugar levels that allows the body to use sugar( called glucose) for energy.

There are three types of diabetes.

Type 1( formerly called juvenile-onset or insulin dependent) diabetes, the body completely stops producing any insulin, a hormone that enables the body to use glucose found in foods for energy. People with type 1 diabetes must take daily insulin injections to survive. This form of diabetes usually develops in children, young adults but can occur at any age. 

Type 2 ( formerly called adult - onset or non insulin- dependent) diabetes results when the body doesn't produce enough insulin or is unable to use insulin properly. This form of diabetes usually occur in people who are over 40, overweight and have a family history of diabetes.

Gestational diabetes: It affects females during pregnancy. Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose. Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made during pregnancy. The majority of gestational diabetes can control their diabetes with exercise and diet. Uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth. The baby may be bigger than he or she should be.

Common symptoms of diabetes;
• Being very thirsty
• Frequent urination
• Increased hunger
• Irritability
• Weight loss
• Blurry vision
• Wounds that don't heal etc. 

In some cases, there are no symptoms until later stage when little could be done. So, testing regularly is advised.

Who gets diabetes? 

Diabetes can occur in anyone. However, people who have close relatives with the disease are somewhat more likely to develop it. Other risk factors are associated with lifestyle changes, overweight and obesity, alcohol consumption, dietary changes, etc. The risk of developing diabetes also increases as people grow older.

How is diabetes treated?

There are certain things that everyone who has diabetes needs to do to be healthy: 

Avoid eating junk foods.

Avoid smoking

Limit alcohol intake.

Engage in physical activity. It can help the body use insulin better so it can convert glucose into energy for cells.

Ultimately,anyone who has diabetes should visit a diabetes specialists (diabetologist or endocrinologist). He should also try and visit a dietician who will help develop a meal plan for the individual. There should be timely screening. 

Regular check up is very important as a  to prevent diabetes.

Disclaimer: This post is not meant to offer medical advice or replace your doctor's advice. It is just for public awareness. The best and only way to prevent or to know if you have diabetes is to visit your physician.

Written By: Ramadan Alli

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